كُلَّمَا ارْتَفَعَتْ رُتْبَةُ اللَّئيمِ نَقَصَ النّاسُ عِنْدَهُ ، وَ الكَريمُ ضِدُّ ذلِكَ
When a dishonorable person’s rank increases in society, he cares less about its people. An honorable person would do the opposite.
He himself says: “I was worried and alarmed lest the foolish and wicked persons should become the rulers of this nation and make the property of God their plaything and the creatures of God their slaves and fight with the righteous and make the tyrants their helpers”.
While addressing the people at the time of taking the oath of allegiance from them, Ali said to them: “0 People! I am one of you. I enjoy the same rights which you enjoy. My responsibilities are also the same as yours. Nothing can invalidate truth. (i.e. a ruler or caliph cannot change the commands of God”.
Ali wrote to one of his governors as under: “Your holding this office does not entitle you to accumulate wealth or to take revenge from any person. Your only duty is that you should destroy falsehood and revive truth”.
ثلاث لا يستحيى منهن: خدمة الرجل ضيفه وقيامه عن مجلسه لأبيه ومعلمه و طلب الحق وإن قل
Three acts are not considered demeaning: serving your guest, vacating your seat to your father or your teacher, and demanding your rights no matter how small they might be.
In social gatherings in ancient Arabia (and maybe still to this day), your position or seat in the gathering depends on your social status. Leaving your seat to someone who just joined the gathering is considered a respectful act.
The Imam is telling us that these three acts are not shameful or degrading. Being polite and kind to others and demanding your rights are therefore good habits to have.
من عدل في سلطانه إستغنى عن أعوانه
If the ruler is just, he will not need oppressive police.