إيّاكَ وَ الغَضَبَ، فَأوَّلُهُ جُنُونٌ ، وَ آخِرُهُ نَدَمٌ
Do not get angry: it starts with madness and ends with regret.
ليس من شيم الكرام تعجيل الانتقام
It’s not a habit of the noble to hasten revenge.
لا يُقَوَّمُ عِزُّ الغَضَبِ بِذُلِّ الاِعْتِذارِ
Haughtiness of anger is not compensated by humiliation of apology
أعدى عدو للمرء غضبه وشهوته فمن ملكهما علت درجته وبلغ غايته
The fiercest enemies of any human are his own anger and craving, and whoever controls them will ascend and reach his purpose.
Craving is the literal translation from the Arabic word: الشهوة . In this quote it includes the variety of human desires: appetite for food, sexual desire, seeking power and fame, etc…
A distinction must be drawn here between seeking and satisfying the necessary desires of a human being (which the Islamic jurisprudence allows us to do), and the overwhelming addiction to lust, power, food, etc…, which is not normal. The latter is what the Imam refers to as your enemy, not the former.
Anger is also considered to be an enemy, and this quote is in line with the modern wave of anger management techniques and efforts.
The Imam is warning us about those two enemies, they are dangerous because they are fierce and invisible. He also shows us our purpose in life: to win the battle against anger and demonic desires, and this winning results in reaching spiritual perfection and ascent into Heaven.